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TD 1939 - Uma Análise Exploratória dos Efeitos da Política de Formalização dos Microempreendedores Individuais
TD 1940 - Burocracia, Democracia e Políticas Públicas: Arranjos Institucionais de Políticas de Desenvolvimento
TD 1943 - Instrumentos Urbanísticos à Luz dos Planos Diretores: Uma Análise a partir de um circuito completo de Intervenção
Estupro no Brasil: uma radiografia segundo os dados da Saúde (versão preliminar)
SIPS 3ª edição (2013/2014) O SIPS é uma pesquisa domiciliar e presencial que visa captar a percepção das famílias acerca das políticas públicas implementadas pelo Estado, independente destas serem usuárias ou não dos seus programas e ações. A partir desta 2ª edição, a pesquisa passa a ser realizada em 3775 domicílios, em 212 municípios, abrangendo todas as unidades da federação. Passa também a ser utilizado o método de amostragem probabilística de modo a garantir uma margem de erro de 5% a um nível de significância de 95% para o Brasil e para as cinco grandes regiões. Tolerância social à violência contra as mulheres (versão com ajustes de 04/04/2014) Tolerância social à violência contra as mulheres (original anterior à errata de 04/04/2014) Serviços de telecomunicações
Marcelo Neri, ministro da SAE e presidente do Ipea, e Deborah Wetzel, do Banco Mundial, foram os convidados para o debate
Financial Times (Inglaterra): Big projects fuel region’s push to keep momentum The once neglected northeast has been outgrowing the rest of the country but faces a huge task to stay on track,writes Joe Leahy As the bus enters the site of the future industrial zone, an expanse of civil construction works stretches as far as the eye can see. The vastness of the scene and the strong winds whipping up dust from the extensive earthworks recall the grand projects of China, a country normally associated with ambitious infrastructure schemes. This is a long way from Asia, however. The 140 sq km port industrial complex of Suape in Brazil’s northeastern state of Pernambuco will house a huge refinery and petrochemical project, the southern hemisphere’s largest shipbuilding facility, a port and numerous other activities. It is not only Suape but the entire northeast region of Brazil that often invites superlative comparisons with China. Once known only as the country’s poorest region, an exporter of destitute farmers and manual labourers to the industrialised south in a movement immortalised in masterpieces such as “Os Retirantes” by painter Candido Portinari, today the northeast is recognised for its high growth, with some states expanding as fast as China itself during the boom year of 2010. The question for the region and its politicians is how to sustain these high levels of growth at a time when Brazil’s economy as a whole is slowing down. “We see emerging regional players,” says Hector Gomez Ang, country manager in Brazil at the International Finance Corporation, the private sector investment arm of the World Bank. “You really see companies from the region or that were born in the northeast that are becoming global or national players.” Comprising nine states clustered tightly together, curling along the Brazilian seafront as it juts out into the Atlantic, the northeast is one of the country’s oldest centres of European civilisation. It is also a centre of Brazilian culture thanks in part to its strong roots in the country’s African heritage. Northeastern musicians include bossa nova singer João Gilberto and his daughter, the contemporary Brazilian singer Bebel Gilberto; and Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil, known for the Tropicália cultural movement. Other famous sons of the region include former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, whose family moved from Pernambuco to São Paulo when he was a boy. The nine states – Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia – together represented 28 per cent of Brazil’s population of 191m people as of 2010, but they contributed only 13.4 per cent of national gross domestic product in 2011, according to the latest figures available from the national statistics agency. In the 10 years between 2002 and 2012, poverty declined more rapidly in Brazil. The region’s middle class grew from 22 per cent of the population to 42 per cent, compared with growth in the national average from 30 to 52 per cent during the period, according to government data. This was thanks partly to a steady increase in household income per head of 3.9 per cent a year in the two decades to 2012, according to government research institute Ipea. Even as Brazil’s economy has slowed down, parts of the northeast have continued to outperform. Pernambuco, for example, grew 2.3 per cent in 2012 – more than twice the national rate of 0.9 per cent. But the region still suffers from the country’s worst illiteracy rates, at more than 15 per cent of those aged 15 and over – although this is improving – and has most of the nation’s extremely poor people (classified as those living on up to R$70 ($30) a month). As of 2010, 9.6m of a total of 16.3m extremely poor Brazilians lived in the northeast. “In general, we see that the northeast is [still] poorer. Its [social] indicators are worse, but they have improved much more,” said Marcelo Neri, minister and head of Ipea – and known as Brazil’s foremost specialist on the middle class – during a press trip to the region last year. The northeast’s three engines of growth are Bahia state and its capital Salvador, Pernambuco and its capital Recife, and Ceará and its biggest city Fortaleza. Part of their success has been based on the Chinese-style model of setting up industrial zones to attract clusters of companies. In Suape, for instance, Petrobras, Brazil’s statecontrolled oil company, is investing about $17bn in its 230,000 barrel per day Abreu e Lima refinery. There will also be a petrochemical complex to produce petroleum derivatives. Nearby is the Estaleiro Atlântico Sul, a shipbuilder controlled by Brazilian construction groups Camargo Corrêa and Queiroz Galvão, that is producing a fleet of vessels for Petrobras. The complex is also home to numerous other companies specialising in logistics and ports. Other so-called pólos or clusters include steel and pharma-chemical industrial zones in Pernambuco, and another petrochemical cluster in Bahia. The region has also succeeded in diversifying from old heavy industry into new technology sectors. Recife has the Porto Digital, a district of high-technology companies located in the city’s old port area, while the region’s high winds and intense sunshine are stimulating growth in renewable energy businesses. Some of Brazil’s most prominent companies have their roots in northeastern business families, including Odebrecht and Queiroz Galvão, the construction companies. But new ones are emerging too, including Coca-Cola’s bottlers in the region, Guararapes, Norsa and Renosa, which following a merger will become the second-largest producer for the beverage maker in Brazil, with a reported R$6bn in revenues. Stacked against these opportunities is what the future will hold for the northeast once the construction boom associated with its megaprojects ends. The region lacks semiskilled, skilled and highly qualified labour, even though it is attracting technology- intensive industries that traditionally were the province of the richer south, such as automotives and chemicals. “One of the key challenges . . . is what is going to happen after those construction jobs are gone,” says Mr Gomez Ang of the IFC. “What are people going to be doing and where is the job generation going to come from?” The lack of large private sector lenders to help spur growth provides another challenge, he adds. The business culture can be quite insular for a region that needs to attract outside capital to grow, although that is changing as a new generation of business leaders emerges. Against its drawbacks, new infrastructure, such as planned railway links with the interior of Brazil that will provide an alternative to southern ports for soy farmers looking to export their produce, will help prompt growth. The IFC has already invested about $1bn in 10 projects, including helping to advise alongside the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) and the Inter- American Development Bank on Hospital do Subúrbio, a medical facility in an underserved part of Salvador that was Brazil’s first public-private partnership in health.
Ferramentas anticorrupção, riscos financeiros e políticos foram abordados no evento promovido pelo Ipea e FGV
Nota Técnica apresentada no Ipea baseou-se em dados do Sistema de Informações de Agravo de Notificação do Ministério da Saúde
Macroeconomia foi analisada por técnicos do Ipea em documento lançado nesta quarta-feira, no Rio

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